the standards of excellence
is therefore the unanimous opinion of your committee that no more essential
aid could be given to manufacturing, commerce, the makers of scientific
apparatus, the scientific work of the government, of schools, colleges
and universities, than by the establishment of the institution proposed
in this bill."
Report on bill to establish the National Bureau of Standards,
House of Representatives, May 14, 1900
The federal governments first physical science research laboratory
was chartered by Congress on March 3, 1901, as the National Bureau of
Standards. NBS became the National Institute of Standards and Technology
(NIST) in 1988.
A century after its founding, NISTs mission continues to evolve,
meeting changing societal challenges by developing measurements and standards
that strengthen the U.S. economy and improve our quality of life.
Recognizing the critical importance of chemical measures and standards,
NIST established the Chemistry Division as one of its first programs.
Today, the Chemical Science and Technology Laboratory, one of the Institutes
seven measurement and standards laboratories, offers the most comprehensive
range of chemical, physical and engineering measurement capabilities in
The American Chemical Society designated the National Institute of Standards
and Technology a National Historic Chemical Landmark on December 5, 2001,
in Gaithersburg, Maryland.