Goes to War
the Berkeley campus became quite involved in the war effort of World
War II. The top floor, or "attic," of Gilman Hall was
fenced off for classified work in nuclear chemistry. Half of the
rooms in the attic had small balconies that could be used as outdoor
hoods, but the actual hoods in Gilman Hall were not equipped with
fans. They operated only as chimneys, with a burner flame that produced
a draft. For the war work, electrically powered fans were finally
installed to vent the hoods.
research in Gilman Hall, directed by Eastman and Latimer, was part
of the Manhattan Project to develop the atomic bomb. The majority
of the workers on these projects were recent Berkeley Ph.D.s, including
John W. Gofman, Robert E. Connick, and Leo Brewer.
1942, Glenn Seaborg left Berkeley to join the Manhattan Project
in Chicago. He returned to Berkeley after the war and directed the
university's nuclear chemistry research. He shared the 1951 Nobel
Prize in Chemistry with McMillan for their discoveries in the chemistry
of the transuranium elements.